1 This is the message that came to Jeremiah concerning all of the people of Judah. This message came in the fourth year that Jehoiakim was king of Judah. Jehoiakim was the son of Josiah. The fourth year of his time as king was the first year that Nebuchadnezzar was king of Babylon. 2 This is the message that Jeremiah the prophet spoke to all the people of Judah and all the people of Jerusalem: 3 I have given you messages from the Lord again and again for these past 23 years. I have been a prophet since the 13th year that Josiah son of Amon was the king of Judah. I have spoken messages from the Lord to you from that time until today. But you have not listened. 4 The Lord has sent his servants, the prophets, to you over and over again. But you have not listened to them. You have not paid any attention to them. 5 Those prophets said, “Change your lives! Stop doing those bad things! If you change, then you can return to the land which the Lord gave you and your ancestors long ago. He gave you this land to live in forever. 6 Don’t follow other gods. Don’t serve or worship them. Don’t worship idols that some person has made. That only makes me angry at you. Doing this only hurts yourselves.” 7 “But you did not listen to me.” This message is from the Lord. “You worshiped idols that some person made. And that made me angry. And that only hurt you.” 8 So, this is what the Lord All-Powerful says, “You have not listened to my messages. 9 So I will soon send for all the family groups of the north.” This message is from the Lord. “I will soon send for Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon. He is my servant. I will bring those people against the land of Judah and against the people of Judah. I will bring them against all the nations around you too. I will destroy all of those countries. I will make those lands like an empty desert forever. People will see those countries, and whistle at how badly they were destroyed. 10 I will bring an end to the sounds of joy and happiness in those places. There will be no more happy sounds of the brides and bridegrooms. I will take away the sound of people grinding meal. I will take away the light of the lamp. 11 That whole area will be an empty desert. All of those people will be slaves of the king of Babylon for 70 years. 12 “But when the 70 years have passed, I will punish the king of Babylon. I will punish the nation of Babylon.” This message is from the Lord. “I will punish the land of the Babylonians for their sins. I will make that land a desert forever. 13 I have said many bad things will happen to Babylon. All of those things will happen. Jeremiah preached about those foreign nations. And all of those warnings are written in this book. 14 Yes, the people of Babylon will have to serve many nations and many great kings. I will give them the punishment they deserve for all the things they will do.” 15 The Lord, the God of Israel, said these things to me: “Jeremiah, take this cup of wine from my hand. It is the wine of my anger. I am sending you to different nations. Make all those nations drink from this cup. 16 They will drink this wine. Then they will vomit and act like crazy people. They will do this because of the sword that I will soon send against them.” 17 So I took the cup of wine from the Lord’s hand. I went to those nations and I made those people drink from the cup. 18 I poured this wine for the people of Jerusalem and Judah. I made the kings and leaders of Judah drink from the cup. I did this so that they would become an empty desert. I did this so that place would be destroyed so badly that people would whistle about it and say curses about that place. And it happened—Judah is like that now! 19 I also made Pharaoh king of Egypt drink from the cup. I made his officials, his important leaders, and all his people drink from the cup of the Lord’s anger. 20 I also made all the Arabs and all of the kings of the land of Uz drink from the cup. I also made all the kings of the land of the Philistines drink from the cup. These were the kings of the cities of Ashkelon, Gaza, Ekron, and what remains of the city Ashdod. 21 Then I made the people of Edom, Moab, and Ammon drink from the cup. 22 I made all the kings of Tyre and Sidon drink from the cup. I also made all the kings of the faraway countries drink from that cup. 23 I made the people of Dedan, Tema, and Buz drink from the cup. I made all those that cut their hair at their temples drink from the cup. 24 I made all the kings of Arabia drink from the cup. These kings live in the desert. 25 I made all the kings from Zimri, Elam, and Media drink from the cup. 26 I made all the kings of the north, those that were near and far, drink from the cup. I made them drink one after the other. I made all the kingdoms that are on earth drink from the cup of the anger of the Lord. But the king of Babylon will drink from this cup after all of these other nations. 27 “Jeremiah, say to those nations, this is what the Lord All-Powerful, the God of the people of Israel, says, 'Drink this cup of my anger. Get drunk from it and vomit! Fall down and don’t get up. Don’t get up because I am sending a sword to kill you.’ 28 “Those people will refuse to take the cup from your hand. They will refuse to drink it. But you will say to them, 'The Lord All-Powerful says these things: You will indeed drink from this cup! 29 I am already making these bad things happen to Jerusalem, the city that is called by my name. Maybe you people think that you will not be punished. But you are wrong. You will be punished. I am calling out a sword to attack all the people of the earth.’” This message is from the Lord. 30 “Jeremiah, you will give them this message: 'The Lord shouts from above. He shouts from his holy temple! The Lord shouts at his pasture ˻(people)˼! His shouts are loud like the songs of people walking on grapes to make wine. 31 The noise spreads to all the people on earth. What is all the noise about? The Lord is punishing the people from all the nations. The Lord told his arguments against the people. He judged the people. And now he is killing the evil people with a sword.’” This message is from the Lord. 32 This is what the Lord All-Powerful says: “Disasters will soon spread from country to country. They will come like a powerful storm to all the faraway places on earth!” 33 The dead bodies of those people will reach from one end of the country to the other. No person will cry for those dead people. No person will gather up their bodies and bury them. They will be left lying on the ground like dung. 34 Shepherds ˻(leaders)˼, you should be leading the sheep ˻(people)˼. Start crying you great leaders! Roll around on the ground in pain, you leaders of the sheep ˻(people)˼. Why? Because it is now time for your slaughter. ˻I will scatter your sheep.˼ They will scatter everywhere, like pieces flying from a broken jar. 35 There will be no place for the shepherds to hide. Those leaders will not escape. 36 I hear the shepherds ˻(leaders)˼ shouting. I hear the leaders of the sheep ˻(people)˼ crying. The Lord is destroying their pastures ˻(country)˼. 37 Those peaceful pastures are like an empty desert. This happened because the Lord is angry. 38 The Lord is like a dangerous lion leaving his cave. The Lord is angry! And that anger will hurt those people. Their country will be an empty desert.