Exodus 18

1Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, was a priest in Midian. Jethro heard about the many ways that God helped Moses and the people of Israel. Jethro heard about the Lord leading the people of Israel out of Egypt. 2So Jethro went to Moses while Moses was camped near the mountain of God. Jethro brought Moses’ wife, Zipporah, with him. (Zipporah was not with Moses, because Moses had sent her home.) 3Jethro also brought Moses’ two sons with him. The first son was named Gershom, because when he was born, Moses said, “I am a stranger in a foreign country.” 4The other son was named Eliezer, because when he was born, Moses said, “The God of my father helped me and saved me from the king of Egypt.” 5So Jethro went to Moses while Moses was camped in the desert near the mountain of God ˻(Mount Sinai)˼. Moses’ wife and his two sons were with Jethro. 6˻Jethro sent a message to Moses.˼ Jethro said, “This is your father-in-law Jethro. I am bringing your wife and her two sons to you.” 7So Moses went out to meet his father-in-law. Moses bowed down before him and kissed him. The two men asked about each other’s health. Then they went into Moses’ tent to talk more. 8Moses told Jethro everything the Lord had done for the people of Israel. Moses told about the things the Lord did to Pharaoh and the people of Egypt. Moses told about all the problems they had along the way. And Moses told his father-in-law how the Lord saved the people of Israel every time there was trouble. 9Jethro was happy when he heard all the good things the Lord had done for Israel. He was glad that the Lord had freed the people of Israel from the Egyptians. 10Jethro said, “Praise the Lord! He freed you from the power of Egypt. The Lord saved you from Pharaoh. 11Now I know the Lord is greater than all the gods. They thought they were in control, but look what God did! 12Jethro got some sacrifices and offerings to honor God. Then Aaron and all the elders ˻(leaders)˼ of Israel came to eat with Moses’ father-in-law Jethro. They all ate together there with God. 13The next day, Moses had the special job of judging the people. ˻There were very many people,˼ so the people had to stand before Moses all day. 14Jethro saw Moses judging the people. He asked, “Why are you doing this? Why are you the only judge? And why do people come to you all day?” 15Then Moses said to his father-in-law, “The people come to me and ask me to ask for God’s decision to their problem. 16If people have an argument, they come to me. I decide which person is right. In this way, I teach the people God’s laws and teachings.” 17But Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “This isn’t the right way to do this. 18It is too much work for you to do alone. You can’t do this job by yourself. It wears you out. And it makes the people tired too! 19Now, listen to me. Let me give you some advice. And I pray God will be with you. You should continue listening to the problems of the people. And you should continue to speak to God about these things. 20You should teach God’s laws and teachings to the people. Warn them not to break the laws. Tell them the right way to live. Tell them what they should do. 21But you should also choose some of the people to be judges and leaders. “Choose good men you can trust—men who respect God. Choose men who will not change their decisions for money. And make these men rulers over the people. There should be rulers over 1,000 people, 100 people, 50 people, and even over ten people. 22Let these rulers judge the people. If there is a very important case, then they can come to you and let you decide what to do. But they can decide the other cases themselves. In this way, these men will share your work with you and it will be easier for you to lead the people. 23If you do these things, Lord willing, then you will be still able to do your job. And at the same time, the people can go home with their problems solved.” 24So Moses did what Jethro told him. 25Moses chose good men from among the people of Israel. Moses made them leaders over the people. There were rulers over 1,000 people, 100 people, 50 people, and ten people. 26These rulers were judges for the people. The people could always bring their arguments to these rulers. And Moses had to decide only the most important cases. 27After a short time, Moses said goodbye to his father-in-law Jethro. And Jethro went back to his own home.

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