Exodus 12

1While Moses and Aaron were still in Egypt, the Lord spoke to them. The Lord said, 2“This month will be the first month of the year for you. 3This command is for the whole community of Israel: On the tenth day of this month each person must get one lamb for the people in his house. 4If there are not enough people in his house to eat a whole lamb, then he should invite some of his neighbors to share the meal. There must be enough lamb for everyone to eat. 5The lamb must be a one-year-old male, and it must be completely healthy. This animal can be either a young sheep or a young goat. 6You should watch over the animal until the 14th day of the month. On that day, all the people of the community of Israel must kill these animals at twilight. 7You must collect the blood from these animals. Put the blood on the top and sides of the doorframes of the houses where the people eat this meal. 8“On this night, you must roast the lamb and eat all of the meat. You must also eat bitter herbs and bread made without yeast. 9You must not boil the lamb in water. You must roast the whole lamb over a fire. The lamb must still have its head, legs, and inner parts. 10You must eat all of the meat that night. If any of the meat is left until morning, then you must burn that meat in the fire. 11“When you eat the meal, you must be fully dressed like you are going on a journey. You must have your shoes on your feet and your walking stick in your hand. You must eat in a hurry. Why? Because this is the Lord’s Passover—˻the time when the Lord protected his people and led them quickly out of Egypt˼. 12“Tonight I will go through Egypt and kill every firstborn man and animal in Egypt. In this way, I will judge all the gods of Egypt. I ˻will show that I˼ am the Lord. 13But the blood on your houses will be a special sign. When I see the blood, I will pass over your house. I will cause bad things to happen to the people of Egypt. But none of those bad diseases will hurt you. 14“So you will always remember tonight—it will be a special holiday for you. Your descendants will honor the Lord with this holiday forever. 15On this holiday, you will eat bread made without yeast for seven days. On the first day of this holiday, you will remove all the yeast from your houses. No one should eat any yeast for the full seven days of this holiday. If anyone eats yeast, then you must separate that person from the rest of Israel. 16There will be holy assemblies on the first day and the last day of the holiday. You must not do any work on these days. The only work you can do on these days is prepare the food for your meals. 17You must remember the Festival of Unleavened Bread. Why? Because on this day I took all of your people out of Egypt in groups. So, all of your descendants must remember this day. This is a law that will last forever. 18So, on the evening of the 14th day of the first month ˻(Nisan)˼ you will begin eating bread without yeast. You will eat this bread until the evening of the 21st day of the same month. 19For seven days there must not be any yeast in your houses. Any person, either a citizen of Israel or a foreigner, who eats yeast at this time must be separated from the rest of Israel. 20On this holiday, you must not eat any yeast. You must eat bread without yeast wherever you live.” 21So Moses called all the elders ˻(leaders)˼ together. Moses told them, “Get the lambs for your families. Kill the lambs for the Passover. 22Take bunches of hyssop and dip them in the bowls filled with blood. Paint the blood on the sides and tops of the doorframes. No one must leave his house until morning. 23At the time the Lord goes through Egypt to kill the firstborn, the Lord will see the blood on the sides and tops of the doorframes. Then the Lord will protect that house. The Lord will not let the Destroyer come into your houses and hurt you. 24You must remember this command. This law is for you and your descendants forever. 25You must remember to do this even when you go to the land the Lord is giving you. 26When your children ask you, 'Why are we doing this ceremony?’ 27you will say, 'This Passover is to honor the Lord. Why? Because when we were in Egypt, the Lord passed over the houses of Israel. The Lord killed the Egyptians, but he saved the people in our houses. So now the people bow down and worship the Lord.’” 28The Lord had given this command to Moses and Aaron. So the people of Israel did what the Lord commanded. 29At midnight, the Lord killed all the firstborn sons in Egypt, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh (who ruled Egypt) to the firstborn son of the prisoner sitting in jail. Also all the firstborn animals died. 30That night someone died in every house in Egypt. Pharaoh, his officials, and all the people of Egypt began crying very loudly. 31So that night, Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron. Pharaoh said to them, “Get up and leave my people. You and your people can do as you say. Go and worship the Lord! 32Take all of your sheep and cattle with you, just like you said you would. Go! And say a blessing for me too!” 33The people of Egypt also asked them to hurry and leave. Why? Because they said, “If you don’t leave, we will all die!” 34The people of Israel did not have time to put the yeast in their bread. They just wrapped the bowls of dough with cloth and carried them on their shoulders. 35Then the people of Israel did what Moses asked them to do. They went to their Egyptian neighbors and asked for clothing and things made from silver and gold. 36The Lord caused the Egyptians to be kind to the people of Israel. So the Egyptians gave their riches to the people of Israel. 37The people of Israel traveled from Rameses to Succoth. There were about 600,000 men. This does not include the children. 38There were many, many sheep, cattle and other things. There were also many different kinds of people traveling with them. These people were not Israelites, but they left Egypt with the people of Israel. 39The people did not have time to put yeast in their bread. And they did not make any special food for their journey. So they had to bake their bread without yeast. 40The people of Israel had lived in Egypt for 430 years. 41After 430 years, to the very day, all the armies of the Lord left Egypt. 42So that is a very special night when the people remember what the Lord did. All the people of Israel will remember that night forever. 43The Lord told Moses and Aaron, “Here are the rules for Passover: No foreigner is to eat the Passover. 44But if a person buys a slave, and if he circumcises him, then the slave can eat the Passover. 45But if a person just lives in your country, or if a person is only hired to work for you, then that person must not eat the Passover. ˻Passover is for the people of Israel.˼ 46“˻Each family must˼ eat the meal in one house. None of the food is to be taken outside the house. Don’t break any of the lamb’s bones. 47The whole community of Israel must do this ceremony. 48If a non-Israelite lives with you, and if he wants to share in the Lord’s Passover, then he must be circumcised. Then he will be the same as any other citizen of Israel, so he can share in the meal. But if a man is not circumcised, then he cannot eat the Passover meal. 49The same rules are for everyone. It does not matter if a person is a citizen or a non-Israelite living in your country—the same rules are for everyone.” 50So all the people of Israel obeyed the commands that the Lord gave to Moses and Aaron. 51So on that same day, the Lord led all the people of Israel out of the country of Egypt. The people left in groups.

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