1“Then we did what the Lord told me to do. We went back into the desert on the road that leads to the Red Sea. We traveled for many days to go around the Seir mountains. 2Then the Lord said to me, 3‘You have traveled around these mountains long enough. Turn north. 4Tell these things to the people: You will pass through the land of Seir. This land belongs to your relatives, the descendants of Esau. They will be afraid of you. Be very careful. 5Don’t fight them. I will not give you any of their land—not even a foot of it. Why? Because I gave the hill country of Seir to Esau to keep as his own. 6You must pay the people of Esau for any food you eat or water you drink there. 7Remember that the Lord your God has blessed you in everything you have done. He knows about your walking through this great desert. The Lord your God has been with you these 40 years. You have always had everything you needed.’ 8“So we passed by our relatives, the people of Esau living there in Seir. We left the road that leads from the Jordan Valley to the towns of Elath and Ezion Geber. We turned onto the road that goes to the desert in Moab. 9“The Lord said to me, 'Don’t bother the people of Moab. Don’t start a war against them. I will not give you any of their land. They are the descendants of Lot, and I gave them the city of Ar.’” ( 10In the past, the Emite people lived in Ar. They were strong people, and there were many of them. They were very tall, like the Anakite people. 11The Anakites were part of the Rephaite people. People thought the Emites were also Rephaites. But the people of Moab called them Emites. 12The Horite people also lived in Seir before, but Esau’s people took their land. Esau’s people destroyed the Horites and settled on their land. That is the same thing the people of Israel did to the people in the land that the Lord gave them for their own.) 13“The Lord told me, 'Now, go to the other side of Zered Valley.’ So we crossed Zered Valley. 14It was 38 years from the time we left Kadesh Barnea until the time we crossed Zered Valley. All the fighting men of that generation in our camp had died. The Lord had sworn ˻(promised)˼ that that would happen. 15The Lord was against those men until they were all dead and gone from our camp. 16“After all the fighting men were dead and gone, 17the Lord said to me, 18'Today you must cross the border at Ar and go into Moab. 19You will go near the Ammonite people. Don’t bother them. Don’t fight with them, because I will not give you their land. Why? Because they are descendants of Lot, and I have given that land to them.’” 20(That country is also known as the Land of Rephaim. The Rephaite people lived there in the past. The people of Ammon called them the Zamzummites. 21There were many Zamzummites, and they were very strong. They were tall, like the Anakite people. But the Lord helped the Ammonite people destroy the Zamzummites. The Ammonite people took that land and live there now. 22God did the same thing for Esau’s people. In the past, the Horite people lived in Seir ˻(Edom)˼. But Esau’s people destroyed the Horites, and Esau’s descendants still live there today. 23God did the same thing for some people from Crete. The Avvite people lived in the towns around Gaza. But some people came from Crete and destroyed the Avvites. Those people from Crete took that land and live there now.) 24“The Lord told me, 'Get ready to go across Arnon Valley. I will let you defeat Sihon the Amorite, the king of Heshbon. I will let you take his country. So fight against him and take his land. 25Today I will make all people everywhere afraid of you. They will hear the news about you, and they will be afraid and shake with fear.’ 26“While we were in the desert of Kedemoth, I sent messengers to Sihon, the king of Heshbon. The messengers offered peace to Sihon. They said, 27'Let us go through your land. We will stay on the road. We will not turn off the road to the right or to the left. 28We will pay you in silver for any food we eat or any water we drink. We only want to march through your country. 29Let us go through your land until we go across the Jordan River into the land that the Lord our God is giving us. Other people have let us go through their land—the people of Esau living in Seir and the Moabite people living in Ar.’ 30“But Sihon, the king of Heshbon, would not let us pass through his country. The Lord your God had made him very stubborn. The Lord did this so he could let you defeat King Sihon. And today, we know that really happened! 31“The Lord said to me, 'I am giving King Sihon and his country to you. Now, go take his land!’ 32“Then King Sihon and all his people came out to fight against us at Jahaz. 33But the Lord our God gave him to us. We defeated King Sihon, his sons, and all his people. 34We captured all the cities that belonged to King Sihon at that time. We completely destroyed the people in every city—the men, women, and children. We did not leave anyone alive! 35We took only the cattle and the valuable things from those cities. 36We defeated the town of Aroer on the edge of the Arnon Valley and the other town in the middle of that valley. The Lord let us defeat all the cities between the Arnon Valley and Gilead. No city was too strong for us. 37But you did not go near the land that belongs to the people of Ammon. You did not go near the shores of the Jabbok River or the cities of the hill country. You did not go near any place that the Lord our God would not let us have.